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化学进展 2020, Vol. 32 Issue (10): 1462-1481 DOI: 10.7536/PC200122 前一篇   后一篇

• 综述 •

炼化反渗透浓水中有机物处理技术

王均凤1, 王毅霖2, 张晓飞2, 王道广1, 李亚辉1, 何宏艳1, 李兴春2,**(), 张锁江1,**()   

  1. 1.中国科学院过程工程研究所离子液体清洁过程北京市重点实验室 多相复杂系统国家重点实验室 北京 100190
    2.中国石油集团安全环保技术研究院有限公司 石油石化污染物控制处理国家重点实验室 北京 102206
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-19 修回日期:2020-07-13 出版日期:2020-10-24 发布日期:2020-09-02
  • 通讯作者: 李兴春, 张锁江
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(21978302); 国家自然科学基金项目(21890762); 国家自然科学基金项目(21921005); 中国科学院绿色过程制造创新研究院(IAGM2020DB05); 中国科学院前沿科学重点研究项目资助(QYZDY-SSW-JSC011)

Technologies of Removal of Organics in Reverse Osmosis Concentrates from Petroleum Refinery Wastewater

Junfeng Wang1, Yilin Wang2, Xiaofei Zhang2, Daoguang Wang1, Yahui Li1, Hongyan He1, Xingchun Li2,**(), Suojiang Zhang1,**()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Complex Systems, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Pollution Control, CNPC Research Institute of Safety and Environmental Technology, Beijing 102206, China
  • Received:2020-01-19 Revised:2020-07-13 Online:2020-10-24 Published:2020-09-02
  • Contact: Xingchun Li, Suojiang Zhang
  • About author:
    **e-mail:(Suojiang Zhang)
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(21978302); National Natural Science Foundation of China(21890762); National Natural Science Foundation of China(21921005); Innovation Academy for Green Manufacture, Chinese Academy of Sciences(IAGM2020DB05); Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences CAS(QYZDY-SSW-JSC011)

双膜工艺作为一种有效的废水处理方法,已被炼化企业广泛采用。然而,该工艺在使用过程中会产生一定量的含有机物高盐反渗透浓水(ROCs)。在国家排放标准对废水外排指标日趋严格的情况下,反渗透浓水直接外排已被禁止。因此,含有机物高盐反渗透浓水处理技术成为研究的热点。本文对炼化反渗透浓水处理技术研究进展进行综述和讨论。首先本文对不同炼化企业反渗透浓水的组成进行了汇总和分析; 其次,对反渗透浓水中有机物的去除技术,如物理化学方法、高级氧化法和生化方法等,进行了详细讨论,并深入分析了新兴高级氧化工艺的机理和优缺点; 最后对炼化反渗透浓水中盐回收技术进行了讨论。

The reverse osmosis concentrates (ROCs) with high concentration of chemical oxygen demand and salts are produced by a double-membrane technology, which has been widely used to treat the wastewaters from petroleum refinery enterprises. The ROCs are prohibited from directly discharging from environmental point of view and must be treated to comply with the tighter discharge limits of wastewater and solid wastes per the upgrading national emission standard. Therefore, effective technologies for the removal of organic matter and recovery of salts from ROCs have been committed to be developed. In this review, the recent progress on the treatment technologies of ROCs from petroleum refinery waste waters are summarized and discussed. Firstly, the compositions of ROCs, the basis of developing the treatment process, from several petroleum refinery plants are collected and analyzed. Subsequently, the removal methods of organic contaminants, such as physicochemical method, advanced oxidation method, and biochemical method, are elaborated in detail. Especially for some innovative advanced oxidation processes, including O3 oxidation, Fenton method, electrochemical oxidation, photocatalytic oxidation, and ozonation-based combination processes, and their mechanisms, advantages and disadvantages for the treatment of ROCs from industrial sources are emphasized comprehensively. Finally, the methods of salts’ recovery from ROCs are also discussed briefly.

Contents

1 Introduction

2 The compositions of ROC from petroleum refinery wastewater

3 Organic matter removal in ROC from petroleum refinery wastewater

3.1 Physicochemical method

3. 2 Advanced oxidation processes ( AOPs)

3.3 Biochemical method

4 Recovery of salts in ROCs from petroleum refinery wastewater

5 Conclusions

()
Table 1 Characteristics of ROC from petroleum refinery wastewater
Fig.1 Applicability of water treatment technologies based on the amount of organic load[42]
Table 2 Oxidation-reduction potential of oxidants
Fig. 2 The cycle of photo-Fenton reactions[62]
Fig. 3 Mechanisms of photocatalytic oxidation
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