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化学进展 2020, Vol. 32 Issue (6): 727-737 DOI: 10.7536/PC191108 前一篇   后一篇

• 综述与评论 •

可控/“活性”自由基聚合制备聚乙烯及聚卤代烯烃

孙连伟1, 孙中鹤2,**(), 王雪3, 徐林3, 冯岸超1,4,**(), 张立群1,4   

  1. 1. 北京化工大学北京新型高分子材料制备与加工重点实验室 北京 100029
    2. 北京航空航天大学化学学院 北京 100191
    3. 中国石油化工股份有限公司北京化工研究院 橡塑新型材料合成国家工程研究中心 北京 102500
    4. 北京化工大学材料科学与工程学院 先进弹性体材料研究中心 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-08 修回日期:2020-01-07 出版日期:2020-06-05 发布日期:2020-04-13
  • 通讯作者: 孙中鹤, 冯岸超
  • 作者简介:
    ** Corresponding author e-mail: (Zhonghe Sun); (Anchao Feng).
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(21704001); 中国石油化工股份有限公司项目(H2019485); 北京软物质科学与工程高精尖创新中心经费资助()

Synthesis of Polyethylene and Polyhalogenated Olefin by Controlled/“Living” Radical Polymerization

Lianwei Sun1, Zhonghe Sun2,**(), Xue Wang3, Lin Xu3, Anchao Feng1,4,**(), Liqun Zhang1,4   

  1. 1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Preparation and Processing of New Polymer Materials, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    2. School of Chemistry, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
    3. SINOPEC Beijing Research Institute of Chemical Industry, National Engineering Research Center for Synthesis of Novel Rubber and Plastic Materials, Beijing 102500, China
    4. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Center of Advanced Elastomer Materials, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2019-11-08 Revised:2020-01-07 Online:2020-06-05 Published:2020-04-13
  • Contact: Zhonghe Sun, Anchao Feng
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21704001); SINOPEC(H2019485); the Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Soft Matter Science and Engineering.()

可控/“活性”自由基聚合(CLRP)可以用于制备分子量分布窄、分子链缺陷少的聚合物,如聚乙烯(PE)、聚氯乙烯(PVC)、聚偏氯乙烯(PVDC)和聚偏氟乙烯(PVDF),且易控制上述单体与其他单体共聚得到嵌段聚合物。本文调研了近年来可控/“活性”自由基聚合(如碘转移聚合(ITP)、氮氧稳定自由基聚合(NMP)、可逆加成断裂链转移(RAFT)聚合和金属催化的活性自由基聚合(OMRP)等)制备聚乙烯和聚卤代烯烃等方面的工作,并指出了未来的发展方向。

Controlled/“living” radical polymerization(CLRP) can be used to synthesize polymers with narrow molecular weight distribution and few chain defects(such as Polyethylene(PE), polyvinyl chloride(PVC), polyvinylidene chloride(PVDC) and polyvinylidene fluoride(PVDF)), and it is easy to copolymerize the above monomer with other monomers to obtain block polymers. In this paper, we investigate the preparation of polyethylene and polyhalogenated olefin polymers by controlled/"living" radical polymerization, (for example, iodine transfer polymerization(ITP), nitroxide-mediated living radical polymerization(NMP), reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer(RAFT) polymerization and organometallic mediated radical polymerization(OMRP)) and point out the development trend.

Contents

1 Introduction
2 Preparation of polyethylene by Controlled/“living” radical polymerization.

2.1 RAFT method

2.2 OMRP method

3 Controlled/“living” radical polymerization of polyvinyl chloride

3.1 NMP method

3.2 OMRP method

3.3 RAFT method

4 Preparation of polyvinylidene chloride by controlled/“living” radical polymerization

4.1 ITP method

4.2 RAFT method

5 Preparation of polyvinylidene fluoride by controlled/“living” radical polymerization.

5.1 ITP method

5.2 RAFT method

5.3 OMRP method

6 Conclusion and outlook
()
图1 NMP法制备PVC[48]
Fig. 1 Preparation of PVC by NMP[48]
图2 VC单体SET-DTLRP活性聚合的机理[53]
Fig. 2 The mechanism of SET-DTLRP living polymerization of VC monomer[53]
图3 VC单体的RAFT聚合过程及作为大分子增塑剂的迁出特性[68]
Fig. 3 RAFT polymerization process of VC monomer and migration characteristics as macromolecular plasticizer[68]
图4 RAFT法制备PVDC和PEO共聚物的合成路径[82]
Fig. 4 Synthesis pathways of PVDC and PEO copolymers prepared by RAFT method[82]
图5 RAFT法制备PVDC和PEO共聚物的合成路径[84]
Fig. 5 Synthesis pathways of PVDC and PEO copolymers prepared by RAFT method[84]
图6 ITP法制备PVDF-b-PS的合成路径[100]
Fig. 6 Synthesis pathways of PVDC-b-PS by IP method[100]
图7 RAFT和ATRP法共用制备PVDF-b-PDMAEMA的合成路径[103]
Fig. 7 Pathway to synthesize PVDF-b-PDMAEMA with the joint use of RAFT and ATRP[103]
图8 RAFT法制备PEVE-b-PVDF的合成路径[105]
Fig. 8 Synthesis pathways of PVDF-b-PVDF by RAFT[105]
图9 Mn2(CO)10催化VDF单体聚合的机理[106]
Fig. 9 The mechanism of polymerization of VDF monomer catalyzed by Mn2(CO)10[106]
表1 RAFT聚合适用单体及对应的RAFT试剂的结构
Table 1 Structure of suitable monomers and corresponding RAFT agents for RAFT polymerization
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