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化学进展 2018, Vol. 30 Issue (9): 1330-1340 DOI: 10.7536/PC180127 前一篇   后一篇

• 综述 •

连续流离子聚合

赵婉茹1, 胡欣2*, 朱宁1*, 方正1, 郭凯1*   

  1. 1. 南京工业大学生物与制药工程学院 材料化学工程国家重点实验室 南京 211800;
    2. 南京工业大学材料科学与工程学院 南京 211800
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-26 修回日期:2018-04-03 出版日期:2018-09-15 发布日期:2018-05-16
  • 通讯作者: 胡欣, 朱宁, 郭凯 E-mail:xinhu@njtech.edu.cn;ningzhu@njtech.edu.cn;guok@njtech.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(No.21878145,21522604,21604037,21776130)和江苏省先进生物制造创新中心(No.XTD1823,XTB1802)

Ionic Polymerizations in Continuous Flow

Wanru Zhao1, Xin Hu2*, Ning Zhu1*, Zheng Fang1, Kai Guo1*   

  1. 1. College of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 211800, China;
    2. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 211800, China
  • Received:2018-01-26 Revised:2018-04-03 Online:2018-09-15 Published:2018-05-16
  • Supported by:
    The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21878145, 21522604, 21604037, 21776130) and the Jiangsu Synergetic Innovation Center for Advanced Bio-Manufacture(No.XTD1823, XTB1802).
微流场技术因其良好的传质传热性能应用于各种机理的聚合反应中,引起了学术界和工业界的广泛关注。本文聚焦于高度放热的离子聚合,总结了近年来不同单体连续流阴/阳离子聚合的研究进展。微反应器在改善离子聚合苛刻的反应条件、精确地控制聚合产物分子量及其分布、调控共聚物结构等方面显示出釜式反应器无法比拟的优势。此外,本文对连续流离子聚合的工业化应用前景进行了探讨和展望。
Continuous flow polymerizations in the microreactors have attracted great research interest from both academia and industry. Remarkable advantages have been achieved by using microflow technology due to its superior mixing and heat transfer performance. This review focused on the recent progress in highly exothermic ionic polymerizations in microreactors. Compared with the traditional batch reactors, continuous flow anionic/cationic polymerizations show tremendous benefits, including but not limited to improvement of reaction conditions, good control of the molecular weight and the molecular weight distribution, and highly efficient construction of block structures. Moreover, the applications of continuous flow ionic polymerizations in the industry are discussed and prospected.
Contents
1 Introduction
2 Cationic polymerization in continuous flow
2.1 Controlled/living cationic polymerization of vinyl ethers in continuous flow
2.2 Controlled/living cationic polymerization of diisopropenylbenzenes in continuous flow
2.3 Controlled/living cationic polymerization of isobutylene in continuous flow
3 Anionic polymerization in continuous flow
3.1 Controlled/living anionic polymerization of styrenes in continuous flow
3.2 Controlled/living anionic polymerization of alkyl methacrylates in continuous flow
3.3 Controlled/living anionic block copolymerization of styrenes and alkyl methacrylates in continuous flow
4 Conclusion and outlook

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